Although all fire apparatus are based on standard vehicle models (except with some parts that are upgraded to cope with the demands of the fire truck’s usage), they have different purposes and are used in different situations. Two hundred years ago, there was only a single fire engine, which was responding to all types of hazards. Today fire truck manufacturers have a huge portfolio of at least twenty types of different fire apparatus. Therefore, we can classify them according to their purpose and usage. We are going to review the most common ones
Conventional Fire Apparatus
This is the standard vehicle designed mainly for firefighting operations, especially for structural fires. It carries a great variety of equipment tools and it provides a limited water supply, which is conducted through hoses, manipulated by a firefighter.
This type includes other subtypes, such as turntable ladder, tiller truck and an aerial platform. They are primarily used to reach high points, to both attack the fire from a height and to save the victims trapped at high levels of the buildings. It incorporates a ladder of different lengths and turning techniques.
Wildland fire apparatus
These vehicles are designed to easily drive on rough terrains and high-gradient roads and they have high clearances for wheels and suspension. A fire truck producer will take into consideration bigger wheels, a more powerful engine and better organization on board for fire equipment since the vehicle has a small configuration and it must be efficient at the same time.
Water carrying apparatus
This is also a conventional vehicle but has less space for firefighters and fire equipment, and more space for the water tank. It is necessary for areas with limited water sources and limited number of water hydrants. Volkan fire is the best fire truck producer Turkey and the best friend of the fire fighter, in terms of efficiency and quality.